Open Access Senior Thesis
Bachelor of Arts
Politics and International Relations
© 2020 Sarah M Sanchez
Traditional theories of nationalism tend to fall in one of two categories: 1) top-down, or official nationalism, which holds that nationalist sentiments are created by state actors, or 2) bottom-up, or popular, nationalism, which holds that nationalist sentiments originate with the people. However, there are major flaws in both of those theories, as well as a decent amount of overlap between them. This paper dismantles the supposed binary between these two theories, and looks for a way to view the theories in combination with one another. Looking at the places of overlap, as well as the elements of each theory that should be discarded altogether, a different theory of nationalism - a hybrid theory - emerges. This paper applies the hybrid theory to a case study, Italy from the mid-1800s to mid-1900s, to see how the theory plays out in reality.
Sanchez, Sarah, "Reimagining Theories of Nationalism: A Critical Examiniation of Prevailing Nationalist Theories" (2020). Scripps Senior Theses. 1568.