Graduation Year


Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


W.M. Keck Science Department

Second Department


Reader 1

Sarah Gilman

Reader 2

Marion Preest

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Terms of Use for work posted in Scholarship@Claremont.

Rights Information

© 2012 Alicia M. Hendrix


Like all intertidal species, the barnacle Balanus glandula must cope with temperature and desiccation stress during daily low tide exposure. The increase in temperature at low tide leads to both increased metabolic rate and the potential for increased ATP demand. With its additional inhibition of oxygen intake, low tide thus has an energetic cost that is often reflected in an increase in oxygen consumption following resubmersion. As anthropogenically induced global climate change increases air and water temperatures, its cost might increase. B. glandula individuals were exposed to 4‑hour low tides with maximal temperatures of 18, 30, 35, and 38°C, and their oxygen consumption rates and behaviors were recorded for 4 hours upon resubmersion. It was found that aerial respiration could be measured, though aerial rates were only a fraction of aquatic rates. It was further found that relative aquatic oxygen consumption rates were not elevated following low tide for any temperatures. However, B. glandula individuals exposed to 35 and 38°C low tides remained active a significantly greater portion of time through the first and second hours of recovery, respectively. This indicates that a low tide stress effect is evident in B. glandula, but that it manifests not as an increase in the respiration rate when active, but rather as an increase in the overall activity time. Thus, with increasing global temperatures B. glandula will likely have increased energy needs. This might lead to range relocations, a drive to find new energy sources, and/or reallocations of energy budgets.

This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.