Graduation Year


Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



Reader 1

Elise Ferree

Reader 2

Brian Duistermars

Terms of Use & License Information

Terms of Use for work posted in Scholarship@Claremont.


Alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AMED) are an increasingly popular choice for young drinkers, particularly college students. There are conflicting data regarding AMED consumption and the drinker’s intoxication levels when compared to alcohol only (AO) consumers. In this meta-analysis, I analyzed 38 studies investigating the link between AMED consumption and relative intoxication to determine whether the funding source, categorized as either independent or industry, had an impact on the results. I found a clear association between funding and outcome, with industry funded studies being much less likely to find a risk of greater intoxication due to AMED consumption compared to independently funded studies. Unbiased education about the risks of AMED is needed so that consumers can make their own informed decisions and not get swept along by the flow of clever, well-funded marketing campaigns.

This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.