Graduation Year

Spring 2013

Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



Reader 1

Andrew Aisenberg

Reader 2

Claire Nettleton

Rights Information

© 2013 Willa D. Oddleifson


A critical study of the education reform laws of the 1880s in France; specifically the Ferry laws and the Camille See law. How these laws affected women's education and more broadly, the place of women in French society. The ideologies of universalism and laicite and how they affected women's education, specifically the exclusion of women from French society based on the suppression of difference inherent in universalism.

This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.