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Seymour Music Award Winner

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During the Civil War, musical fluidity led to an outpouring of songs written about the

conflict. With every popular song came at least one set of alternate lyrics known as

contrafacta. In this thesis, I analyze Northern anthem “The Battle Cry of Freedom,”

and Southern anthems “The Bonnie Blue Flag” and “Dixie” and their contrafacta.

Through the lens of contrafacta, I analyze how the North and the South understood

the terms “liberty” and “freedom.”