The Evolution of Development Thinking : Governance, Economics, Assistance, and Security
William Ascher, Garry D. Brewer, G. Shabbir Cheema, and John M. Heffron
This book assesses the evolution of theories, doctrines, and practices in governance, economics, foreign assistance, civil society, and human security in developing countries since WWII, identifying progress and weaknesses. It points to how development approaches across these inter-connected areas can greatly enhance inclusive development.
Development Strategies and Inter-Group Violence : Insights on Conflict-Sensitive Development
William Ascher and Natalia S. Mirovitskaya
Although many scholars and practitioners recognize that development and conflict are intertwined, there is much less understanding of the mechanisms behind these linkages. This book takes a new approach by critically examining how various development strategies provoke or help prevent intrastate violence, based on cases from all developing regions.
Globalizing India: How Global Rules and Markets are Shaping India's Rise to Power
India's recent economic transformation has fascinated scholars, global leaders, and interested observers alike. In 1990, India was a closed economy and a hesitant and isolated economic power. By 2016, India has rapidly risen on the global economic stage; foreign trade now drives more than half of the economy and Indian multinationals pursue global alliances. Focusing on second-generation reforms of the late 1990s, Aseema Sinha explores what facilitated global integration in a self-reliant country pre-disposed to nationalist ideas. The author argues that the impact of globalization on India has affected trade policy as well as India's trade capacities and private sector reform. India should no longer be viewed solely through a national lens; globalization is closely linked to the ambitions of a rising India. The study uses fieldwork undertaken in Geneva, New Delhi, Mumbai and Washington DC, interviews with business and trade officials, as well as a close analysis of the textile and pharmaceutical industries and a wide range of documentary and firm-level evidence to let diverse actors speak in their own voices.
- Explores India's rise on the global economic stage from the perspective of both international and domestic interests and activities
- Draws on fieldwork undertaken in Geneva, New Delhi and Washington DC
- Argues that the impact of globalization on India since 1990 needs to be understood not just in terms of national policy, but also in terms of changing trade capacities and private sector reform
Gender and the Rhetoric of Modernity in Spanish America, 1850–1910
Lee Joan Skinner
Nineteenth-century Spanish American writers reimagined gender roles, modernization, and national identity during Spanish America’s uneven transition toward modernity. This ambitious volume surveys an expansive and diverse range of countries across the nineteenth-century Spanish-colonized Americas, showing how both men and women used the discourses of modernity to envision the place of women at all levels of social and even political life in the modern, utopian nation. Lee Skinner looks at texts by Clorinda Matto de Turner, Jorge Isaacs, Soledad Acosta de Samper, Ignacio Altamirano, Juana Manuela Gorriti, and many others, ranging from novels and essays to newspaper articles and advertisements. She argues that the rhetorical nature of modernity made it possible for readers and writers to project and respond to multiple contradictory perspectives on gender roles, establishing a narrative that competed with other nation-building discourses. With special attention to public and private space, domesticity, education, technology, and work, Skinner identifies gender as a central concern at every level of society.
Evolving Patterns in Global Trade and Finance
Sven W. Arndt
In Evolving Patterns in Global Trade and Finance, Professor Sven W Arndt offers succinct and rigorous explanations of important developments in trade, finance and international monetary relations. Topics include economic and monetary integration, cross-border production networks, and stabilization policy in orthodox and mixed exchange-rate regimes. The theoretical framework developed in this volume provides critical assessments of existing policies and practices, develops theoretical foundations for new and emerging patterns in trade and finance, and evaluates how well economists and policy makers are dealing (or have dealt) with the challenges they face. Readers will find the most in-depth and comprehensive discussion of international production networks (“off-shoring”), a detailed analysis of the implications for US economic stability and policy autonomy of its unorthodox exchange rate regime of fixed and floating rates, and insights into the causes of recent economic and financial turmoil in the global economy.
Galen, De diebus decretoriis, from Greek into Arabic. A Critical Edition, with Translation and Commentary, of Hunayn ibn Ishaq, Kitab ayyam al-buhran
Glen M. Cooper
This volume presents the first edition of the Arabic translation, by Hunayn ibn Ishaq, of Galen's Critical Days (De diebus decretoriis), together with the first translation of the text into a modern language. The substantial introduction contextualizes the treatise within the Greek and Arabic traditions. Galen's Critical Days was a founding text of astrological medicine. In febrile illnesses, the critical days are the days on which an especially severe pattern of symptoms, a crisis, was likely to occur. The crisis was thought to expel the disease-producing substances from the body. If its precise timing were known, the physician could prepare the patient so that the crisis would be most beneficial. After identifying the critical days based on empirical data and showing how to use them in therapy, Galen explains the critical days via the moon's influence. In the historical introduction Glen Cooper discusses the translation of the Critical Days in Arabic, and adumbrates its possible significance in the intellectual debates and political rivalries among the 9th-century Baghdad elite. It is argued that Galen originally composed the Critical Days both to confound the Skeptics of his own day and to refute a purely mathematical, rationalist approach to science. These features made the text useful in the rivalries between Baghdad scholars. Al-Kindi (d.c. 866) famously propounded a mathematical approach to science akin to the latter. The scholar-bureaucrat responsible for funding this translation, Muhammad ibn Musa (d. 873), al-Kindi's nemesis, may have found the treatise useful in refuting that approach. The commentary and notes to the facing page translation address issues of translation, as well as important concepts.
The Politics of Gender, Community, and Modernity: Essays on Education
This collection of essays studies the provincial and the rural, locating the sites of the community and family as producing other histories. The volume is divided into three parts: the first part engages with disabling practices of history within communities; the second part works towards producing gendered and community-oriented histories of modernity in South Asia; the third part proposes post-colonialism as an appropriate term for discussions of history and modernity and includes reflections on the scholar's particular position within the history and modernity. In addition, there are certain methodological arguments and concepts that span the whole book, such as the implication of narratives and the power of pain.
A Problem Book in Real Analysis
Asuman Güven Aksoy and Mohamed A. Khamsi
Today, nearly every undergraduate mathematics program requires at least one semester of real analysis. Often, students consider this course to be the most challenging or even intimidating of all their mathematics major requirements. The primary goal of A Problem Book in Real Analysis is to alleviate those concerns by systematically solving the problems related to the core concepts of most analysis courses. In doing so, the authors hope that learning analysis becomes less taxing and more satisfying. The wide variety of exercises presented in this book range from the computational to the more conceptual and varies in difficulty. They cover the following subjects: set theory; real numbers; sequences; limits of the functions; continuity; differentiability; integration; series; metric spaces; sequences; and series of functions and fundamentals of topology. Furthermore, the authors define the concepts and cite the theorems used at the beginning of each chapter. A Problem Book in Real Analysis is not simply a collection of problems; it will stimulate its readers to independent thinking in discovering analysis. Prerequisites for the reader are a robust understanding of calculus and linear algebra.
Hollywood Reborn: Movie Stars of the 1970s
Weary from the turbulent sixties, America entered the 1970s hoping for calm. Instead, the war in Vietnam and its troubled aftermath persisted, the Watergate scandal unfolded, and continuing social unrest at home and abroad provided the backdrop for the new decade. The scene was similar in Hollywood, as it experienced greater upheaval than at any point since the coming of sound. As the studio and star systems declined, actors had more power than ever, and because many had become fiercely politicized by the temper of the times, the movies they made were often more challenging than before. Thus, just when it might have faded out, Hollywood was reborn—but what was the nature of this rebirth?
Hollywood Reborn examines this question, with contributors focusing on many of the era’s key figures—noteworthy actors such as Jane Fonda, Al Pacino, Faye Dunaway, and Warren Beatty, and unexpected artists, among them Donald Sutherland, Shelley Winters, and Divine. Each essay offers new perspectives through the lens of an important star, illuminating in the process some of the most fascinating and provocative films of the decade.
Guns and Butter: The Economic Causes and Consequences of Conflict
Guns and Butter examines the causes and consequences of war from a political economy perspective, taking as its premise that a consideration of the incentives and constraints faced by individuals and groups is paramount in understanding conflict decision making. The chapter authors--leading economists and political scientists--believe that this perspective offers deeper insights into war and peace choices than the standard state-centric approach. Their contributions offer both theoretical and empirical support for the political economy perspective on conflict. Several broad themes cut across the chapters: war as an equilibrium phenomenon rather than an exogenous process; the interaction of politics, economics, and institutions and its effect on the frequency and severity of conflicts; the cost of fighting; and the often innovative character of conflict. Topics addressed include theoretical aspects of the ways in which domestic politics affects the decision to go to war; globalization and its effect on the net supply of terrorism; open markets and the likelihood of war and domestic insecurity; the costs of going to war in Iraq as compared to the costs of containment; the economic effects of the Rwandan genocide at a household level; and the evolving industrial organization of terrorist groups. Contributors Brock Blomberg, Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, Ethan Bueno de Mesquita, Steven J. Davis, Michelle R. Garfinkel Edward Glaeser, Gregory D. Hess, Kai Konrad, Kevin M. Murphy, Peter Rosendorff, Stephen Sheppard, Stergios Skaperdas, Constantinos Syropoulos, Robert H. Topel, Marijke Verpoorten
How to Do Incidental Teaching
Marjorie H. Charlop
Incidental teaching (IT) is a naturalistic teaching method that encourages involvement of parents, peers, and siblings in instructional activities and treatment. IT is designed to facilitate and extend skill generalization and maintenance. IT makes systematic use of natural reinforcement, in that learners receive reinforcement for correct and desired responses and behaviors. This book provides proper procedures and instructions in teaching and maintaining the learned skills.
The Cinema of Todd Haynes: All That Heaven Allows
Todd Haynes has emerged from the trenches of independent American film in the 1990s to become one of the twenty-first century's most audacious filmmakers. In a series of smart, informative essays, this book traces his career from its roots in New Queer Cinema to the Oscar-nominated Far from Heaven (2002). Along the way, it covers such landmark films as Poison (1991), Safe (1995), and Velvet Goldmine (1998). Contributors look at these films from a variety of angles, including his debts to the avant-garde and such noted precursors as Rainer Werner Fassbinder; his adventurous uses of melodrama; and his incisive portrayals of contemporary life.
History Lessons: Refiguring the Nineteenth-Century Historical Novel in Spanish America
Lee Joan Skinner
Chapter contents: 1. What's old is new again : the Spanish American historical novel 2. Martyrs of miscegenation 3. Colonial (dis)order 4. Novels of the wars of independence 5. (En)gendering the historical novel : the didactic discourses of Soledad Acosta de Samper.
The Regional Roots of Development Politics in India: A Divided Leviathan
India is widely regarded as the most celebrated case of a “failed” developmental state, seemingly the exception that belies the prediction of a triumphant Asian century. Its central political and economic institutions have been variously characterized as both “soft” and “strong”—at once weak, predatory, and interventionist. Aseema Sinha presents an innovative model that questions conventional views of economic development by showing that the Indian state is a divided leviathan: its developmental failure is the combined product of central-local interactions and political choices by regional elites. To develop this disaggregated model, she examines three regional states with sharply divergent development trajectories: Gujarat, West Bengal, and Tamil Nadu. Drawing on recent work in comparative political economy, the theory of nested games, incentive theory, and an ethnographic analysis of business actors, this study directs analytical attention at the creation of micro-institutions at the subnational level, explores the role of provinces in shaping investment flows, and considers the role of federalism as a mediating institution shaping the vertical strategies of provinces. A comparative chapter applies the model to data from China, Brazil, Russia, and the former Soviet Union.
The Films of Terrence Malick
James Morrison and Thomas Schur
Despite overwhelming acclaim for his work, director Terrence Malick remains an under-examined figure of an era of filmmaking that also produced such notables as Robert Altman, Francis Ford Coppola, and Martin Scorsese. His films Badlands and Days of Heaven remain benchmarks of American cinema, while his recent The Thin Red Line returned him to the pantheon of American directors. In this new study, authors James Morrison and Thomas Schur examine each of his films in detail, drawing on extensive archival research to construct a portrait of his working methods as a director as well as the thematic, aesthetic, and cultural components of his work.
Moreover, aside from tracing the development of Malick's filmmaking from its beginnings to the present, the book compares his finished pictures to their original shooting scripts, and so provides a unique means of exploring the nature of his working methods and the ways in which they influence the final products. Revealing the ways in which these films connect to and depart from evolving traditions of the last 30 years, The Films of Terrence Malick provides a comprehensive and penetrating study as well as an informative and adventurous work of film criticism.
Broken Fever: Reflections of Gay Boyhood
What are the roots of personal identity? In this collection of essays, James Morrison searches for answers within the experiences and emotional reality of his own childhood in an attempt to pinpoint the beginnings of his own gay self-identity. "Although from the vantage point of my present self, I do not remember a time in my life when I was not 'gay,' I know that the arrival at any avowed identity is always a complex process of affirmation and negation, refusal and identification." It is this process, and specifically the ways gay identity circulates before it is even spoken, that Morrison seeks to distill in specific experiences. From the beginnings of questioning his religion to exploring his first boyhood attraction, Morrison's experiences are chronicled honestly and compellingly.
Fragmentation: New Production Patterns in the World Economy
Sven W. Arndt and Henryk Kierzkowski
As the world economy becomes more integrated, products become more globalized. Airplanes, automobiles, computers, watches, and garments are among products whose constituent parts are made all over the world. This volume presents arguments and evidence showing that this process is benign: it raises competitiveness, creates jobs, and enhances economic welfare.
Gregory Hess and Eric Van Wincoop
The approach that researchers have recently adopted to further our understanding of how economic interactions between countries will evolve as national borders decline in importance is to analyze economic interactions within a country--i.e. "intranational macroeconomics." This book brings the intranational macroeconomics literature into clearer focus by collecting the strands of research into a common thread. Each chapter of the book aims to answer the following two questions: What contributions do national and geographic borders make to our understanding of macroeconomics? How will these contributions change as the world becomes more integrated?
Lessons from Schools: The History of Education in Banaras
This book focuses on the educational history of Banaras from 1840 to 1940. It defines the concepts of learning and education and provides a detailed picture of the social history of Banaras. The authors then describe how the various systems of education underwent changes and upheavals.
Borders, Exiles, Diasporas
Elazar Barkan and Marie-Denise Shelton
How do the concepts “border,” “exile,” and “diaspora” shape individual and group identities across cultures? Taking this question as a point of departure, this wide-ranging volume explores the ways that people create and represent a home away from home. Throughout, the authors emphasize the multiple subjectivities, cultural displacements, and identity politics that have characterized the postcolonial and post-World War II eras. They simultaneously affirm and challenge previous understandings of these three terms, and they investigate their malleability—the extent to which they apply to diverse communities.
Once the idea of diaspora is dissociated from the historical experiences of a particular group of people, it becomes a universal designation, applicable to all displaced groups. This understanding of diaspora also allows for the creation of a “nonnormative” intellectual community, one experienced by many contemporary critics and with which they identify. In the postcolonial context, a global “middle voice” emerges that incorporates the critic and his or her identity as the participant-observer of the discourses on identity. As personal narratives transcend the autobiographical, they become indispensable guarantors of a free theoretical field, without a priori boundaries. The diaspora’s voice is thus national and cultural, but it lacks the nation or the geographical definition that would constrain its subject.
The essays in this volume approach the ideas of border, exile, and diaspora primarily as subjects of literary representations while recognizing the political stakes of diasporic identity. They synthesize the poetic with the political, but they also probe the existential consequences of displacement and cultural dislocation. The essays compel us to examine, within a dialogical complex, antagonistic but concurrent phenomena endowed with a new internal logic. This volume serves as a canvas representing the open-ended, discontinuous, and syncretic nature of the postmodern world. Rather than give definitive answers, the essays provide contingent responses to the myriad questions about culture, identity, and language embedded in modern history.
Laughing Feminism: Subversive Comedy in Frances Burney, Maria Edgeworth, and Jane Austen
Laughing Feminism focuses on comedy in the works of Frances Burney, Maria Edgeworth, and Jane Austen, authors who scrutinized the subjected prejudices against women in order to expose their absurdity and encourage readers to laugh at the folly of sexist views. Audrey Bilger shows that these women writers employed a full arsenal of comic weapons such as satire, burlesque, and parody to combat patriarchal nonsense and make comedy out of the discrepancies between the myth and reality of womanhood. Bilger draws on current feminist criticism, comic theory, and the methodologies of literary history to provide a context for re-assessing the novels of these writers. At a time when overt feminist statements could ruin a woman's reputation, comedy enabled these authors to smuggle feminism into their writing.
Humor in Life and Letters Series.
Passport to Hollywood: Hollywood Films, European Directors
In Passport to Hollywood, James Morrison examines a series of Hollywood films by directors from European art-cinemas. Drawing widely on current research in film theory, film history, and cultural studies, he traces the influence of European filmmakers in Hollywood from the 1920s to the 1980s and illuminates the relation between modernism and mass-culture in American movies. By interpreting important American films, Morrison also shows how these films illustrate key issues of cultural hierarchy and national culture over fifty years of American cinema. In addition, he explores the complex and often contradictory ways that these Hollywood movies conceptualize ideas about "foreignness." Using insightful close viewings, Morrison demonstrates new connections among modernism, postmodernism, and American movies.
How to Treat the Child with Autism
Marjorie H. Charlop and Susan E. Kelso
Image de la Société Dans le Roman Haïtien
Analyse thématique qui met en lumière les contradictions du réel haïtien et vise à établir la valeur et l'originalité du discours romanesque en Haïti. Les chapitres portent sur la vie politique, la paysannerie, les Blancs, la bourgeoisie et la femme.
Friends, Brothers and Informants: Fieldwork Memoirs of Banaras
In this unusually personal, evocative account of her fieldwork experiences, Kumar tackles the dilemma of how a Western-trained Indian intellectual adapts to the field and builds deeply affecting relationships with strangers. She discloses what it is like to be a native researching her own culture, offering her fieldwork memoirs in all their spontaneity and candor. We see Banaras through her eyes when she first arrives: throngs of people, cramped and dark lodgings, unappetizing food, mischievous monkeys, and almost overwhelming filth. But as she establishes friendships, we are treated to her discoveries not only about the city and its people, but also about her place in this society. The familiar problems that face most anthropologists conducting fieldwork--of Self versus Other, objectivity versus bias, familiar circumstances versus new and dismaying ones--are given a surprising and complex dimension. Through a narration of her own experiences, the author demonstrates how personal locations--habits, preferences, expectations deriving from childhood memories, and areas of ignorance--impose themselves on the process of selection, observation, and interpretation in research.
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