Graduation Year


Date of Submission


Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



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2024 Thayer B Breazeale


This thesis uses a policy feedback framework to understand the forces driving the continuation and or roll back of the 2021 Child Tax Credit expansion. The Child Tax Credit was first implemented in 1998, and has undergone incremental changes throughout the years, seeing expansion under every president. The 2021 expansion marked significant changes that altered the policy targeting the middle and upper class to one that almost cut child poverty in half. The 2021 changes were also the first ones to be reversed after they were implemented. This thesis will analyze the key mechanisms of policy feedback and their role in reinforcing and undermining the policy, comparing the 2021 legislation with the earlier 2017 policies and proposed 2024 policies. The paper concludes with a consideration of future alterations to the feedback mechanisms to improve the policy’s entrenchment.

This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.