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Mathematics (HMC)

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If R is a commutative ring with identity and ≤ is defined by letting a ≤ b mean ab = a or a = b, then (R,≤) is a partially ordered ring. Necessary and sufficient conditions on R are given for (R,≤) to be a lattice, and conditions are given for it to be modular or distributive. The results are applied to the rings Zn of integers mod n for n ≥ 2. In particular, if R is reduced, then (R,≤) is a lattice iff R is a weak Baer ring, and (R,≤) is a distributive lattice iff R is a Boolean ring, Z3, Z4, Z2[x]/x2Z2[x], or a four element field.


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