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Specifications-based grading, standards-based grading, mastery grading, testing anxiety, reassessments


Mathematics | Physical Sciences and Mathematics | Science and Mathematics Education


Specifications-based grading (SBG) is an assessment scheme in which student grades are based on demonstrated understanding of known specifications which are tied to course learning outcomes. Typically with SBG, students are given multiple opportunities to demonstrate such understanding. In undergraduate-level introductory ordinary differential equations courses at two institutions, SBG has been found to markedly decrease students’ self-reported anxiety related to the course as compared to traditionally graded courses.

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