Abstract / Synopsis

In how many days will he meet his wife? This is a question asked at the end of each of two problems embedded in the verses of the last chapter of the Vyavahāra-gaṇita (‘Mathematics of Transaction’) of Rājāditya of 12th century. He infuses elegance in those two problems by choosing the charming idea of a husband’s meeting with his wife after their quarrel. This paper not only presents the algorithms offered by Rājāditya to solve them on their own terms as well as on modern terms and discusses the historicity of the categories of those two problems but also provides an insight into why he posed them using those three terms, namely, the wife, the husband, and the quarrel between them.



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